Starling v Bd. Of City Commissioner, USCA, 11th Circuit, #09-11168
Randolph Starling, a Palm Beach County firefighter, sued the County Commission pursuant to 42 U.S.C. §1983 alleging that it violated his First Amendment right of association after the County demoted him for engaging in an extramarital affair with one of his subordinates.
The U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, after assuming arguendo that the First Amendment protected extramarital associations as fundamental right, sustained the Commissions’ action.
The Circuit Court noted that the Palm Beach County Operational Procedure “strongly discourages” romantic relationships between supervisors and subordinates because there is always a “potential for abuse of power” and “sexual harassment” in those relationships.
The court explained that the County’s interest in maintaining an effective functioning of the Fire Department by discouraging extramarital relationships between supervisors and subordinate outweighed Starling’s interest in an extramarital association with a subordinate employees.
In the “quasi-military” context, said the court, which includes both fire departments and police stations it had afforded public employers greater latitude to burden an employee’s rights, particularly when the exercise of that right impacts discipline, morale, harmony, uniformity, and trust in the ranks.
Posted on the Internet at: http://www.ca11.uscourts.gov/opinions/ops/200911168.pdf