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State of New York vs. COVID-19 - Governor Andrew M. Cuomo periodically updates New Yorkers on the state's progress during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. The latest reports of the number of new cases, the percentage of tests that were positive and many other relevant data points concerning COVID-19 are available at

N.B. §22 of the New York State's General Construction Law, in pertinent part, provides that “Whenever words of the masculine or feminine gender appear in any law, rule or regulation, unless the sense of the sentence indicates otherwise, they shall be deemed to refer to both male or female persons.” NYPPL applies this protocol to individuals referred to in a decision self-identifying as LGBTQA+.

May 7, 2021

Commissioner of Education dismissed §310 appeal naming teachers' association president as a respondent "for lack of jurisdiction"

Plaintiff filed a §310 Education Law petition challenge certain school district hiring practices. The petition named the board of education and the president of the school district's teachers' association as respondents.

With respect to the president of the teachers' association, Dr. Betty A. Rosa, Interim Commissioner of Education, dismissed Plaintiff's §310 appeal for "lack of jurisdiction."

The Commissioner explained that to the extent that Petitioner's requests for relief targeted the actions of an individual serving in his capacity as president of the teachers' association, "[i]t is well settled that union organizations and their representatives are not subject to the jurisdiction of the Commissioner of Education under Education Law §310."

In a footnote to the decision the Commissioner further opined that many of Petitioner's claims would be subject to dismissal on other grounds, including, but not limited to, being untimely and lack of standing to submit an appeal pursuant to Education Law §310.

Click HERE to access the text of the Commissioner's decision.

Public Personnel Law E-books

The Discipline Book - A concise guide to disciplinary actions involving public employees in New York State set out in a 700 page e-book. For more information click on

A Reasonable Disciplinary Penalty Under the Circumstances - A 442-page e-book focusing on determining an appropriate disciplinary penalty to be imposed on an employee in the public service in instances where the employee has been found guilty of misconduct or incompetence. Now available in two formats - as a large, paperback print edition and as an e-book. Click on for more information.

The Layoff, Preferred List and Reinstatement Manual - A 645 page e-book reviewing the relevant laws, rules and regulations, and selected court and administrative decisions. For more information click on

Disability Leave for fire, police and other public sector personnel - A 1098 page e-book focusing on disability benefits available to public officers and employees employed by New York State and its political subdivisions. For more information click on