December 31, 2022


Abolishing a position for economic reasons


Absent a statutory or negotiated administrative hearing procedure, an appointing authority may delegate decision-making authority to the hearing officer


Acquiring tenure in the position by "operation of law," sometimes referred to as tenure by estoppel or tenure by acquiesce


Actions of an employee prior to his or her promotion may properly form the basis for terminating the individual prior to the completion of his or her probationary period


Administrative due process in disciplinary actions

See, also,


Administrative tribunal may not rely on evidence not in the record in arriving at its decision


Admitting evidence of prior disciplinary action taken against the charged party


Alcoholism as a defense in a disciplinary action


Amending disciplinary charges "to conform with the testimony" given by a witness in the course of the disciplinary hearing


An administrative decision made in the course of the exercise of discretion is not subject to judicial review


An ambiguity in a provision in a collective bargaining agreement may sometimes be resolved by waiving the parol evidence rule


An employee placed on work-connected disability leave pursuant to §207-a or §207-c of the General Municipal Law removed from the position under color of Civil Service Law §71 


An employer’s unilaterally adopted policy providing health insurance benefits to employees upon retirement may be rescinded with respect to employees retiring after the effective of the rescission


Anatomy of an administrative disciplinary decision


Appeals involving efforts to remove a member of a school board from office

See, also,; and,


Appellate Courts differ regarding the State’s reduction of its employer contribution towards health insurance premiums for certain State retirees; 

See, also,


Applicant for performance of duty disability retirement benefits must show that his or her disability was the result of an act of an inmate

See, also,


Application for retirement benefits must be timely delivered to and received by the retirement system to be operative


Application seeking the removal of an employee of a School District


Applying the McDonnell Douglas burden-shifting inquiry protocols


Applying the Pell Doctrine in a disciplinary action


Appointing authority imposed a more severe penalty than the one recommended by the hearing officer


Appointing authority’s neglecting to make a timely designation of an individual to serve in lieu of the appointing authority in a §75 disciplinary action is a fatal omission


Appointment to positions in New York State’s Civil Service


Arbitrator rules that qualified retirees and future retirees to have the same health insurance coverage as the employer's active employees

Arbitrator's award may only be vacated by a court if it violates public policy, is irrational or it exceeds specified limitations on the arbitrator's power


Article 78 petition seeking the review of the disciplinary penalty imposed on an employee must raise an issue of substantial evidence to warrant Supreme Court’s transfer of the proceeding to the Appellate Division


Assessing the appropriate penalty to be imposed for unprofessional and disrespectful language in the workplace


Assigning law enforcement personnel to perform light duty while receiving benefits pursuant to §207-c of the General Municipal Law


Attempting to avoid disciplinary action


Authority of the arbitrator


Burden of proof shifts to the first responder if he or she fails to demonstrate a causative link between his or her illness and exposure to toxins at the World Trade Center activates


Burden of serving a proper "notice to appear" at an administrative hearing is the responsibility of the charging party; See, also,


Challenging a decision to terminate a probationary teacher's employment

See, also,; and


City's position of Commissioner of General Services continued as jurisdictionally classified in the Competitive Class as appointment to the position [1] can be tested for via competitive examination and, presumably, [2] the duties of the position fail to meet all the requirements of §35(e) of the Civil Service Law and thus it cannot be placed in the Unclassified Service.


Civil Service Law §75 requires that a hearing officer appointed to conduct a disciplinary hearing be so designated in writing by the appointing authority


Claiming exempt volunteer firefighter status for the purposes of Civil Service Law §75.1(b)


Claiming the affirmative defense of "privilege"


Collective bargaining agreement may establish a vested right to a continuation of the same health coverage as a retiree enjoyed by the individual at the time of his or her retirement


Commissioner of Education will dismiss an appeal submitted pursuant to Education Law §306, in whole or part, if there are procedural defects or omissions

See, also,


Common procedural errors or omissions that will bar the Commissioner of Education's considering the merits of an appeal


Comptroller has exclusive authority to determine the validity of a beneficiary designation on an application for death benefits, which determination must be supported by substantial evidence


Conducting disciplinary hearings in absentia


Conducting student disciplinary proceedings consistent with fundamental notions of due process is an "unwavering obligation"


Considering a "whistleblower" defense in a disciplinary action


Considering breaks in service in determining seniority for the purposes of layoff and reinstatement


Considering the employee's personnel history is setting a disciplinary penalty


Constructive discharge from the position as the result of unlawful acts of discrimination


Continuation of health insurance benefits upon retirement


Counseling memorandum issued to an employee

See, also,


Court's review of an administrative decision made after an adversarial hearing is limited to considering if the decision is supported by substantial evidence


Credit the opinion of one medical expert over that of another medical expert when reviewing an application for disability retirement


Deficiencies in the performance review process of a probationary teacher that were not merely technical undermined the integrity and fairness of the process


Delegating the authority to make a final disciplinary decision and the determination of the penalty to be imposed to another


Demanding an employee submit his or her resignation from his or her position


Determining “continuous residency” for the purpose of qualifying for public office or employment


Determining an appropriate disciplinary penalty under the circumstances

See, also,


Determining an educator's seniority for the purposes of layoff; See, also,


Determining an employee's health insurance benefits upon his or her retirement


Determining if a dispute between a public employer and a public employee organization is arbitrable


Determining if an administrative agency's decision is arbitrary and capricious


Determining if an employee is eligible for accidental disability retirement benefits


Determining if an expired collective bargaining agreement provided certain retirees with vested health insurance benefits


Determining if an incident qualifies as an accident for the purposes determining eligibility for accidental disability retirement benefits


Determining if benefits set out in a collective bargaining agreement survive the expiration of the agreement


Determining seniority for the purpose of layoff and establishing an educator's position on a "preferred list" for the purpose of reinstatement

See, also,


Determining the amount of the General Municipal Law §207-a (2) supplement payable to a firefighter upon his or her retirement for disability because of a work related injury or disease


Determining the appropriate procedure to be followed when filing disciplinary charges against a police officer of a town


Determining the disability benefits due a firefighter as the result of a work-related injury can be complex


Determining the impact of performing light, limited or restricted duty on applications for disability retirement benefits


Determining the status and rights of an employee in the public service terminated from his or her employment


Difficulties result following the appointment of a teacher to an “unauthorized tenure area”


Disability finding of the Social Security Administration is not dispositive of the Retirement System's Medical Board's disability determination


Disability not a defense to charges of excessive absence from work


Disciplinary action follows employee's disrespectful and intimidating behavior towards superiors


Disciplinary actions pursuant to Education Law §3020-a processed consistent with compulsory arbitration standards


Disciplinary charges must be served on the target of the disciplinary action on or before the expiration of the period set by the controlling statute of limitations


Disciplinary hearing officer may not consider disciplinary charges and specifications not preferred against an employee


Disciplinary hearing officer permitted to "draw the strongest inferences" from the record in the event the charged individual declines to testify at his or her   disciplinary hearing


Disciplinary hearing postponed “without prejudice” pending successful completion of a probationary period with another agency


Disciplinary hearings held in absentia


Disciplinary penalty imposed, termination, held reasonable under the circumstances


Disciplinary probation


Discrepancy between the contemporaneous incident reports and the applicant’s testimony at the subsequent hearing presents a credibility issue to be resolved by the hearing officer


Dismissing an employee before he or she has completed his or her probationary period


Distinguishing between an individual's "domicile" and his or her "residence"


Doctrine of Abatement: applied in a criminal action - xml=


Doctrine of Collateral Estoppel bars re-litigating an issue raised and decided by a judicial tribunal in a prior action or proceeding involving the same parties but does not bar litigating claims involving the same parties that were not previously considered in prior administrative or judicial actions


Doctrine of Legislative Equivalency defeats a Mayor’s unilateral decision to abolish a position in the civil service


Doctrine of Primary Jurisdiction


Doctrine of Sovereign Immunity held to have been waived with respect to litigation challenging an arbitration award


Does the public have a right of access to a hearing concerning the removal of a member of a school board for official misconduct?


Due process considerations in the event an employee is terminated from his or her probationary period


Educator challenges the abolition of positions and the assignment of her former teaching duties to other teachers


Educator seeking to overturn an unsatisfactory annual performance rating must meet its very high standard of proof


Educator terminated for a continuing pattern of inappropriate behavior involving students


Educator terminated for doing exactly what he was permitted and encouraged to do by his employer


Educator's unsatisfactory performance rating for the academic year supported by the "detailed descriptions" of educator's difficulties in the classroom in the record


Eligibility for workers’ compensation benefits based on work-related stress


Employee dismissed pursuant to §75 of the Civil Service Law for incompetency based on excessive absenteeism


Employee has the burden of proving alleged misconduct by the arbitrator prejudiced his or her rights or the integrity of the process


Employee may be subjected to disciplinary action for misusing his or her sick leave accruals


Employee on Workers’ Compensation Leave continues to be subject to his or her employer’s rules and regulations concerning policies applicable to all its employees


Employee penalized 60-day suspension without pay after striking a patient and failing to report the incident


Employee served with disciplinary charges alleging he was "singing on the job"


Employee terminated following the loss of the license required to perform the duties of the position


Employee’s adjournment request may be properly counted against the employee for purposes of determining his or her entitlement to back pay


Employee’s continuing to accept public assistance benefits after being employed to manage public assistance benefits held incompatible with such employment


Employee’s disciplinary history for rudeness and insubordination considered in determining disciplinary penalty to be imposed


Employee’s misuse of employer’s email results in dismissal


Employee’s testimony at the hearing differed from statements he gave during an investigative raised a question of credibility for the hearing officer to resolve


Employee’s use of the employer's electronic equipment - disciplinary action being taken against an employee 


Employee's resignation after being found guilty of disciplinary charges forfeits his or her right to demand arbitration


Employer advanced good faith reasons supporting its decision to terminate a probationary employee


Employer entitled to reimbursement of the cost of post-employment health insurance benefits it erroneously paid on behalf of a former employee


Employer provided retirees with the health benefits to which they were entitled upon retirement under the collective bargaining agreement


Employer’s unilateral discontinuing its past practice of paying the full cost of health insurance for its retirees held a violation of §209-a.1(d) of the Taylor Law


Employer's payment of employer contributions towards an employee's health insurance premiums discontinued during the employee's disciplinary suspension without pay


Employer's personnel policies may be operative with respect to its employees' conduct while its employees are "off-duty"


Employer's termination of a biologically male employee transitioning from male to female held unlawful discrimination on the basis of sex


Employment history of an employee found guilty of one or more disciplinary charges may be considered in setting the disciplinary penalty to be imposed


Essentials of challenging an employee disciplinary action where compulsory arbitration is involved


Evaluating claims of mitigating circumstances in considering challenges to the disciplinary penalty imposed by the appointing authority 

See, also,


Evidence that the firefighter suffered disease or malfunction of the heart as the result of his or her duties and activities required to trigger the statutory presumption set out in the Volunteer Firefighters' Benefit Law


Exceptions to the Doctrine of Exhaustion of Administrative Remedies


Exceptions to the general rule that only the union or the employer may demand that an issue be submitted to arbitration


Factual findings made in a disciplinary hearing have a collateral estoppel effect where the individual had a full and fair opportunity to litigate the alleged misconduct at that hearing


Failing to designate the individual to conduct a disciplinary hearing pursuant to §75 of the Civil Service Law in writing is a fatal jurisdictional error


Failing to provide a fair hearing requires the voiding a Civil Service Commission’s decision sustaining the termination of an employee by the appointing authority


Failure to comply with emergency leave regulation  Dep’t of Sanitation v. Perez


Failure to honor a known policy of the employer can constitute disqualifying misconduct for the purpose eligibility for unemployment insurance benefits


Federal and State laws, rules and regulations control affecting public sector officers and employees engage in partisan political activities


Fifth Amendment's bar against “self-incrimination” does not protect an individual who lies in the course of an official inquiry  2016 NY Slip Op 08368


Filing disciplinary charges against an employee where the absence is due to an injury or disease


Findings of fact in support of the appointing authority’s decision to terminate an employee required to survive the employee’s judicial challenge seeking reinstatement to his or her former position 2016 NY Slip Op 07908


Findings of fact made by a §75 hearing officer are given collateral estoppel effect in considering a terminated individual's application for unemployment insurance benefits


Fire district or municipal corporation may file an application for disability retirement on behalf of a firefighter receiving General Municipal Law §207-a.1 benefits


Firefighter Rule bars police officer from suing his or her employer or a coworker for injuries suffered while on duty


Forfeiture of employee retirement contributions made to a New York State public retirement system


Freedom of speech See, also,


General Municipal Law §207-a(2) salary supplement becomes payable by the employer upon a firefighters retirement with accidental or line of duty disability benefits


Giving an employee a negative performance rating because the rater “didn’t have time” to rate the employee’s performance is irrational, arbitrary and capricious


Guidelines followed by courts in reviewing a challenge to a disciplinary decision made after a hearing held pursuant to compulsory arbitration


Health insurance benefits set out in collective bargaining agreement found to have survived expiration of agreement and the employee's resignation


Hearing officer considers failed efforts at “progressive discipline” in setting disciplinary penalty


Hearing officer is entitled to weigh the parties' conflicting evidence and to assess the credibility of witnesses where room for choice exists


Hearsay may constitute "substantial evidence" supporting the tribunal's findings in an administrative hearing


Hearsay testimony may be admitted in evidence in an administrative hearing


If an employee engaged in repeated acts constituting disloyalty to the employer, forfeiture of compensation and benefits is warranted under the Faithless Servant Doctrine


If the collective bargaining agreement does not set out procedures for conducting GML §207-c hearings, the employer is free to establish such a procedure unilaterally


Implementing an arbitrator's decision after the appointing authority failed to timely comply with the provisions set out in a collective bargaining agreement


Imposing a "disciplinary probation period" as part of the penalty or settlement of a disciplinary action


Imposing a lesser disciplinary penalty than the one recommended by the disciplinary hearing officer


Imposing multiple disciplinary penalties on an employee found guilty of misconduct


Inability to satisfactorily perform the duties of the position due to an alleged disability


Increasing a retired employee's contributions for health insurance premiums


Individual cannot be found guilt of misconduct not charged in the notice of discipline


Individual has no property interest in his or her former employment once he or she is discharged


Individual is disqualified from receiving unemployment insurance benefits if he or she lost his or her employment as a result of acts constituting a felony


Individual is not deemed permanently disabled if undergoing a reasonably safe surgical procedure would permit the individual to perform the duties of his or her position


Individual or organization must have “standing” in order to maintain an Article 78 action challenging an administrative decision


Individual whose position has been abolished must prove that the appointing authority abolished the position in bad faith or in an effort to circumvent the Civil Service Law


Individual wishing to withdraw or rescind his or her resignation after delivery to the appointing authority must fully comply with all relevant rules and regulations


Individual's General Municipal Law §207-c benefits may be discontinued where the decision to do so is supported by substantial evidence


Individual's retiring from his or her position to avoid disciplinary action may have unexpected consequences


Individual's right to due process is truncated if he or she is persuaded not to attend his or her administrative hearing


Injuries sustained by a trainee during a training exercise ruled the result of an accident for the purposes of claiming eligibility for accidental disability retirement benefits 

In contrast, see


Installing Global Positioning System equipment in devices used by employees during work

See, also:;;;; and


Insubordinate and discourteous conduct


Judicial review of a board's administrative decision flowing from a tie vote


Judicial review of a determination arrived at following a quasi-judicial hearing is typically limited to determining if the decision is supported by substantial evidence


Judicial review of determinations made after a hearing denying a police officer's application for General Municipal Law §207-c disability benefits


Lack of prior misconduct not sufficient to mitigate imposing the penalty of dismissal given the fraudulent nature of the individual’s misconduct


Lack of standing and failure to name a necessary party dooms an appeal to the Commissioner of Education


Layoff of seasonal employees constituted a termination of employment for the purposes of Public Authorities Law §2629(2)(a)


Leaving employment without good cause will disqualify an applicant for unemployment insurance benefits


Maintaining a proper chain of custody of evidence to be used in a disciplinary action


Making false statements concerning the employee's performance of his or her duties 

See, also,


Making false statements to investigators concerning alleged misconduct   OATH Index Nos. 1342/16 and  1904/16


Member service credit in the New York State Teachers' Retirement System upon the reemployment of an individual receiving a disability retirement allowance by a New York State public employer


Minor gaps and errors in the hearing transcript made at an administrative hearing did not preclude meaningful review of the hearing


Motions to have an administrative law judge recuse himself or herself from presiding at a disciplinary hearing


Municipality may discontinue a retiree’s health insurance benefit in the absence of a contract or provision of law granting the retirees a vested right to such a benefit 


Name clearing hearings

See, also,


Negotiating disciplinary procedures for City of Schenectady police officers held a prohibited subject of collective bargaining


Negotiating on behalf of active employees concerning to benefits available to them following retirement and negotiating on behalf of retired employees: [Oneida PBA v. City of Oneida, PERB Case U-5805].


New York City employee found guilty of used his employer's telephone and computer equipment for his political campaign while at work 

See, also,


New York City police officer who filed fabricated complaints with the New York City Civilian Complaint Review Board dismissed from the department


New York State and Local Retirement System member has only 30 days following the “date of payability” of his or her retirement allowance to change his or her retirement option


OATH Administrative Law Judge recommended dismissal of disciplinary charges after finding supervisors’ testimony was unsupported by reliable documentary evidence


OATH disciplinary hearing held in absentia:

N.B. Mari v Safir, 291 AD2d 298, sets out the general standards applied by the courts in resolving litigation resulting from conducting a disciplinary hearing in absentia.


Obligation to arbitrate the matter arising through a statutory mandate set out in Education Law §3020-a requires that the arbitrator’s determination be subject to "closer judicial scrutiny."


Opening a disciplinary hearing to the public and other procedural matters addressed in an appeal to the Commissioner of Education 


Optional Retirement Plan


Overtime paid to a police officer on “special-duty” for service performed for a private entity not included in determining the officer’s “final average salary” for retirement purposes 

See, also,


Party seeking to modify an arbitration award must comply with the relevant provisions of Article 75 of the Civil Practice Law and Rules


Penalty of dismissal imposed on educator ruled shocking to its sense of fairness


Penalty of dismissal recommended for an employee found guilty of violating the public trust and other disciplinary charges


Penalty of termination sustained in light of the employee's statement about "going postal"


Penalty of termination to “jolt” the employee to understand of the seriousness of his misconduct remanded for the imposition of a lesser penalty


Petitioner's appeal from a Board of Education's seniority determination for the purposes of layoff dismissed for failure to make "proper service" on all the parties


Placing an employee on involuntary leave pursuant to Civil Service Law §72.5

See, also,


Plausibility Standard


Police confrontations with mentally impaired citizens and inmates


Police detective who did not properly discharge his duties not entitled to a defense or indemnification by the employer in a lawsuit in which he or she is a defendant


Police officer eligible to receive General Municipal Law §207-c benefits may file a claim against his or her employer pursuant to General Municipal Law §205-e


Police officer holds a position of great sensitivity and trust and is subject to a higher standard of fitness and character than "ordinary civil servants"


Police officer terminated following being found guilty of downloading and possessing child pornography


Police officer's accident disability retirement benefits are to be offset against the injured retiree's jury award for future lost earnings and pension


Police offices and firefighters applying for accidental disability retirement benefits must demonstrate that his or her incapacity was the "natural and proximate result of an accident" within the meaning of §363[a][1] of the Retirement and Social Security Law

See, also,


Presumption that an accident that occurred in the course of employment arose out of that employment


Probationary employee has the burden of showing his or her termination was unlawful

The Trial Court's decision is posted on the Internet at:

The Court of Appeal's decision is posted on the Internet at:

Probationary employee may not be terminated in bad faith, for a constitutionally impermissible or an illegal purpose, or in violation of statutory or decisional law


Probationer challenging dismissal from the position claims to have suffered extreme emotional distress

See, also,


Procedural errors to avoid in an appeal submitted to the Commissioner of Education


Procedural misstep in processing an appeal to the Commissioner of Education could result in a fatal jurisdictional defect


Procedural requirements with which a resident of a school district must comply when seeking to remove a school officer from his or her position


Processing an application for accidental disability retirement 

See, also,


Processing appeals to the Commissioner of Education seeking the removal of a member of a Board of Education

See, also,


Proper service of the petition and notice of the petition of an appeal to the Commissioner of Education critical to the Commissioner assuming jurisdiction


Public employee's misconduct while "off-duty" may result in disciplinary action being initiated against the employee by his or her appointing authority


Public officer threatening to do something that he or she may lawfully due does not constitute coercion


Public policy prohibits an employer from bargaining away its right to remove those employees satisfying the plain and clear statutory requisites for termination


Redacting the name of a party in an administrative disciplinary action from the decision


Reducing health insurance prescription co-pay benefits for an employer’s retirees to the same level as the employer’s active employees' prescription co-pay benefit


Reducing or discontinuing a NYSHIP participating employer's contributions towards a retired employee's health insurance premium


Refusing to accept the resignation submitted by an employee


Reimbursement of Medicare premiums paid by retirees participating in their former employer’s health insurance plan

Reimbursement of retiree Medicare premiums found to be a form of deferred compensation may not be unilaterally discontinued by the employer


Rejection of a hearing officer's finding of fact and determination by the appointing authority


Removing a judge from his or her office


Removing a school official for an alleged unauthorized disclosure of confidential information


Removing a town, village, improvement district or fire district officer, other than a justice of the peace, from his or her office


Removing a volunteer firefighter from his or her position


Requiring a firefighter injured in the line of duty to accept a "light duty" assignment and where appropriate to undergo surgery 

See, also,


Requiring an educator submit to a medical examination to determine his or her ability to perform the duties of his or her position


Requiring employees to submit to a “dog-sniffing test” for illegal drugs


Restoration of leave credits used by employees electing to remain on the payroll while on Workers’ Compensation Leave pursuant to Civil Service Law §71


Retiree is not affected by post-retirement collective bargaining negotiations concerning health insurance contributions absent specific contract language to that effect in place at the time of his or her retirement


Retirees had vested health insurance rights that could not be abrogated by successor collective bargaining agreement


Right to a disciplinary hearing survives the individual’s resignation or retirement from the position


Right to administrative due process not compromised by a three-year delay in conducting a disciplinary hearing and, or, other alleged procedural errors


Salary reduction upon reassignment to another position in the course of an agency reorganization is not a disciplinary action requiring notice and hearing


School Board asks the Commissioner of Education to remove the president of the school board from the position


School board member who acts on the advice of counsel will not be found to have engaged in a willful violation or neglect of duty


School board seeks to remove a sitting member from the board for alleged "official misconduct"


School district must offer its Medicare-eligible retirees the same health insurance benefits the district offers to its active employees


School district’s decision to abolish a position and have a BOCES assume performing the duties of the abolished position constitutes a “transfer of a function” within the meaning of Civil Service Law §70(2)


School district's active employee and the district’s retired employee must be provided with identical health insurance benefits

School employee who elected to submit an issue for resolution through a contractual grievance procedure may not appeal the same issue to the Commissioner of Education pursuant to Education Law §310


Seniority for the purposes of layoff and reinstatement from a preferred list set out in "settlement agreement"


Sleeping on duty


Social Security Administration’s disability determination not binding on a public retirement system of this State


Spoliation of evidence

See, also,


State’s reduction of its employer contribution for health insurance premiums 

See, also,


Statutory rights of employees of the State and political subdivisions of the State absent from work as the result of a work-related injury or disease


Stipulation of settlement cannot withdrawn from the stipulation on the basis that it had "improvidently" agreed to it


Stipulation waiving rights to a disciplinary hearing and agreement to resign from the position may not disqualify the individual for Unemployment Insurance benefits 

See, also,


Strikes by public employee in the United States the focus of an article dated January 14, 1966 published by Time Magazine posted on the Internet at,8816,835012,00.html  


Summarily terminating a federal officer holding a term appointment from his or her position$file/15-1177.pdf


Supreme Court correctly applied the Doctrine of Collateral Estoppel based on the hearing officer's determinations as to the reasons for the employee's termination


Suspension of a tenured teacher requires the board of education to serve written disciplinary charges against the teacher within a reasonable amount of time


Suspension of a tenured teacher requires the timely filing of written charges and specifications with the clerk or secretary of the board of education 


Teacher fined $10,000 after subjecting student to corporal punishment


Teacher's "per session compensation" and the calculation of his pension benefits


Teachers who retired while an expired CBA continued in force under the Triboro Doctrine contend that the expired CBA controls with respect to their health insurance benefits


Tenure area determinations upon the abolishment of a position or positions


Tenure by estoppel


Tenured employee who resigns from his or her position and is subsequently reemployed by his or her former employer in the same title is not automatically entitled to tenure in the new position


Tenured teacher unwilling to improve her pedagogical skills despite being provided with substantial assistance terminated from her position


Terminated after a disciplinary hearing, employee’s Article 78 petition dismissed because petitioner failed to file timely Education Law §3813(1) notice of claim


Terminated educator alleges that her employer breached the employment agreement and negligently terminated her


Terminated probationary employee has the burden of demonstrating an improper basis for his or her termination


Terminating a "long-time" provisional employee

See, also,


Terminating a teacher during his or her probationary period


Termination of a police officer on General Municipal Law §207-c leave under color of Civil Service Law §71


Termination of a public officer from his or her position by operation of law


Termination of employee found guilty violating patient escort procedures, being late for work, falsifying time sheets, and failing to arrive on time for assignments


Termination of employment following extended absence without approval


Termination of the employee following unsuccessful progressive disciplinary efforts did not shock the court’s "sense of fairness”


Test applied to determine if an individual is eligible for accidental disability retirement is whether he or she is permanently unable to perform the full duties of the position


Town may discontinue health insurance coverage under certain circumstances: Op St Comp 80-105


Unconstitutional diminution of judicial compensation

Unemployment Insurance Appeal Board may reject an application for unemployment insurance benefits based on its finding the Claimant's employment was terminated due to disqualifying misconduct


Unemployment insurance benefit denied where off-duty misconduct found to breach the standards of behavior expected of an employee in consideration of his or her duties


Union cannot object to imposing demotion as a disciplinary penalty when demotion was a penalty authorized in the collective bargaining agreement;

See, also,


Unless it is shown that a performance evaluation was arbitrary and capricious, or made in bad faith, the court will not substitute its judgment for that of the appointing authority


Unless the collective bargaining agreement specifically so provides, the contract grievance procedure set out in the agreement is not available to a retiree


Unsatisfactory rating voided because employee's "performance review" failed to comply with the employer's own procedures and thus undermined the integrity of the process


Use of excessive and inappropriate force on juvenile residents at a facility
Admin. for Children’s Services v. Judge, [OATH Index No. 1412/16]


Use of video surveillance recording in disciplinary actions


Withdrawing a letter of resignation 

See, also,


Zero tolerance drug policy

See, also,


Subsequent court and administrative rulings, or changes to laws, rules and regulations may have modified or clarified or vacated or reversed the decisions summarized here. Accordingly, these summaries should be Shepardized® or otherwise checked to make certain that the most recent information is being considered by the reader.
New York Public Personnel Law Blog Editor Harvey Randall served as Principal Attorney, New York State Department of Civil Service; Director of Personnel, SUNY Central Administration; Director of Research, Governor’s Office of Employee Relations; and Staff Judge Advocate General, New York Guard. Consistent with the Declaration of Principles jointly adopted by a Committee of the American Bar Association and a Committee of Publishers and Associations, the material posted to this blog is presented with the understanding that neither the publisher nor NYPPL and, or, its staff and contributors are providing legal advice to the reader and in the event legal or other expert assistance is needed, the reader is urged to seek such advice from a knowledgeable professional.
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