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N.B. §22 of New York State's General Construction Law, in pertinent part, provides that “Whenever words of the masculine or feminine gender appear in any law, rule or regulation, unless the sense of the sentence indicates otherwise, they shall be deemed to refer to both male or female persons.” NYPPL typically follows this protocol.
NYPPL's most recent posting is set out below.
November 22, 2010
A party seeking to vacate an arbitration award must prove one or more of the limited reasons for vacating the award set out in Article 75
Matter of Smith v New York City Dept. of Educ., 2010 NY Slip Op 51989(U), Decided on November 8, 2010, Supreme Court, New York County, Judge Barbara Jaffe, [Not selected for publication in the Official Reports]
Theodore Smith, a tenured physical education teacher at the New York City Department of Education’s Museum School, was served with 23 charges Education Law 3020-a.
Arbitrator Jack Tillem was assigned to conduct the hearing in the [first] proceeding. In the course of this proceeding Smith’s attorney, David Kearney,* told Tillem that Smith had threatened to kill Tillem, whereupon Tillem recused himself from conducting the hearing in the first proceeding. .
Following an investigation by Office of the Special Commissioner of Investigations (SCI) into Kearney's allegations Smith was referred to the Department of Education’s Medical Unit for psychiatric evaluation. In the meanwhile, Kearney moved for leave to withdraw as counsel for Smith in the federal court action and described why he wished to so withdraw -- the threats Smith allegedly made against Tillem.**
Subsequently a new arbitrator conducted the disciplinary hearing , found Smith guilty of certain charges and recommended that Smith be suspended without pay for one year, a ruling that was ultimately sustained by the Appellate Division. [Smith v Department of Education, 67 AD3d 555, motion for leave to appeal denied, Slip Opinion No: 2010 NY Slip Op 66952].
The Department of Education then commenced a second disciplinary proceeding against Smith pursuant to Education Law 3020-a in which it alleged that Smith had made death threats against Tillem resulting in Tillem's recusing himself from the first proceeding thus “causing delay and thereby obstructing, impairing and perverting the administration of law.”***
The arbitrator found that Smith had "uttered death threats" against the arbitrator assigned to his first §3020-a hearing and that "such threats constituted just cause for [Smith's] dismissal from service."
Smith filed a petition pursuant to CPLR Article 75 contending that the arbitration award should be vacated on the ground of corruption, or fraud or misconduct by the arbitrator and the Department's attorneys, “which undermined the validity of the award and prejudiced his rights, as the arbitrator was biased against him.”
Noting that the scope of judicial review of an arbitration proceeding is extremely limited, Judge Jaffe said that “The court must defer to the arbitrator's decision and is bound by the arbitrator's factual findings and interpretations of the agreement at issue.”
Judge Jaffe explained that after a hearing is held pursuant to §3020-a, a party may apply to vacate the arbitrator's decision pursuant to CPLR 7511 based on allegations of misconduct, bias, excess of power, or procedural defects.
The party challenging the arbitration award, however, has the burden of proving that the award is invalid for one or more of the reasons for vacating an arbitration award specified in CPLR Article 75. Further, an allegation of bias against an arbitrator must be established by clear and convincing proof, showing more than a mere inference of partiality.
Judge Jaffe, finding that the arbitrator’s award in the second proceeding was rational and supported by adequate evidence, ruled that Smith had not satisfied his burden of proving that the arbitrator engaged in corruption, or fraud, or misconduct, and confirmed the arbitration award.
* Prior to the charges being brought against Smith, Smith retained the law firm of Neal Brickman & Associates to file a lawsuit in federal court against the NYC Department of Education. David Kearney, an attorney with the firm, agreed to represent Smith in the Federal action and subsequently agreed to represent Smith in the §3020-a proceeding.
** SCI reported that it had substantiated Kearney's allegations regarding Smith’s threats and recommended that Smith's employment be terminated and that he be placed on the Department’s “ineligible employment list.”
*** Smith was later served with third set of charges related to time and attendance. All of the charges were consolidated and considered in the second §3020-a hearing.
The decision is posted on the Internet at:
The Discipline Book - A concise guide to disciplinary actions involving public officers and employees in
A Reasonable Disciplinary Penalty Under the Circumstances - Determining an appropriate disciplinary penalty to be imposed on an employee in the public service found guilty of misconduct or incompetence. For more information click on http://booklocker.com/7401.html
Disability Benefits for fire, police and other public sector personnel - Addresses retirement for disability under the NYS Employees' Retirement System, the NYS Teachers' Retirement System, General Municipal Law Sections 207-a/207-c and similar statutes providing benefits to employees injured both "on-the-job" and "off-the-job." For more information click on http://booklocker.com/books/3916.html
The Layoff, Preferred List and Reinstatement Manual -Focusing on relevant laws, rules and regulations, and selected court and administrative decisions. For more information click on http://booklocker.com/books/5216.html
SELECTED REFERENCES and BLOGS
- A Handbook addressing disciplining public employees
- A Handbook focusing on imposing reasonable disciplinary penalties
- A Handbook focusing on layoff and reinstatement
- A Handbook on Disability Benefits for public employees
- A sample personnel handbook
- Blogging Administrative Law
- Blogging Civil Rights Law
- Blogging Constitutional Law
- Blogging Disability Law
- Blogging Education Law
- Blogging Employment Law
- Blogging Government Law
- Blogging Human Rights Law
- Blogging Legal Information
- Blogging Military Law
- Blogging public libraries
- Catalog of Law Blogs
- Challenging Adverse Personnel Decisions
- Delaware Employment Law Blog
- Gotham schools newsroom - A NYC school news blog
- New York City ERS blog - by John Murphy
- NY Municipalities - NYMUNIBLOG
- ReformNY - by NYU's Brennan Center for Justice
- St. Lawrence County Civil Service Web Site
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Text prepared by Harvey Randall except as otherwise noted. Randall, former Principal Attorney, New York State Department of Civil Service, also served as Director of Personnel for the State University System; as Director of Research, Governor’s Office of Employee Relations; and as Staff Judge Advocate General, New York Guard. He has an MPA from the Maxwell School, Syracuse University and a J.D. from Albany Law School.