TO SEARCH this database type in a key word or phrase in the box in the upper left and any material containing the word or phrase will be displayed for your review.

State of New York vs. COVID-19 - Governor Andrew M. Cuomo periodically updates New Yorkers on the state's progress during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. The latest reports of the number of new cases, the percentage of tests that were positive and many other relevant data points concerning COVID-19 are available at forward.ny.gov.

N.B. §22 of the New York State's General Construction Law, in pertinent part, provides that “Whenever words of the masculine or feminine gender appear in any law, rule or regulation, unless the sense of the sentence indicates otherwise, they shall be deemed to refer to both male or female persons.” NYPPL applies this protocol to individuals referred to in a decision self-identifying as LGBTQA+.

May 7, 2016

State law governing voter registration does not require a “wet signature” and asignature can be affixed electronically if the application form is completed “on-line”


State law governing voter registration does not require a “wet signature” and asignature can be affixed electronically if the application form is completed “on-line”
Informal Opinions of the Attorney General, Informal Opinion 2016-1

Dennis M. Brown, Suffolk County’s County Attorney, explaining that Suffolk County was considering a voter registration system that would allow an individual to register to vote by completing an application online, wrote to the Attorney General to inquire if state law governing voter registration requires that the signature of a registrant be hand written, i.e., written with ink, or a “wet signature.”

Kathryn Sheingold, Assistant Solicitor General in Charge of Opinions, responding to Mr. Brown, opined that “state law governing voter registration does not require a wet signature,” indicating that a signature can be affixed electronically as the “election law does not specifically require a signature written with ink on a voter registration application.” However, cautioned Ms. Sheingold, “the technology … must capture a handwritten signature that can be incorporated into the registration records and compared with the signature that the applicant will write at the polling location at the time of voting.”*

Another element to consider relating to a registration application completed online is that the application, once so completed, would have to either (a) be printed and mailed to the local board of elections by the applicant or a third party assisting the applicant or (b) be completed by appearing at the local board of elections. Otherwise, said Ms. Sheingold, “the County would be creating a new system of registration rather than using the existing system outlined by the Legislature.”

Ms. Sheingold’s response to the Suffolk County Attorney is posted on the Internet at:

Although the Attorney General issues Formal Opinions only to officers and departments of State government, Informal Opinions are prepared  by the Attorney General’s Office of the Solicitor General in Charge of Opinions in response to inquiries from officers of a political subdivision of the State.

* Presumably the signature written on the envelope enclosing an absentee ballot submitted by the voter would be compared with electronic signature incorporated into the voter registration records.


Public Personnel Law E-books

The Discipline Book - A concise guide to disciplinary actions involving public employees in New York State set out in a 700 page e-book. For more information click on https://booklocker.com/books/5215.html

A Reasonable Disciplinary Penalty Under the Circumstances - A 442-page e-book focusing on determining an appropriate disciplinary penalty to be imposed on an employee in the public service in instances where the employee has been found guilty of misconduct or incompetence. Now available in two formats - as a large, paperback print edition and as an e-book. Click on http://booklocker.com/books/7401.html for more information.

The Layoff, Preferred List and Reinstatement Manual - A 645 page e-book reviewing the relevant laws, rules and regulations, and selected court and administrative decisions. For more information click on http://booklocker.com/books/5216.html

Disability Leave for fire, police and other public sector personnel - A 1098 page e-book focusing on disability benefits available to public officers and employees employed by New York State and its political subdivisions. For more information click on http://booklocker.com/books/3916.html