TO SEARCH this database type in a key word or phrase in the box in the upper left and any material containing the word or phrase will be displayed for your review.

State of New York vs. COVID-19 - Governor Andrew M. Cuomo periodically updates New Yorkers on the state's progress during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. The latest reports of the number of new cases, the percentage of tests that were positive and many other relevant data points concerning COVID-19 are available at

N.B. §22 of the New York State's General Construction Law, in pertinent part, provides that “Whenever words of the masculine or feminine gender appear in any law, rule or regulation, unless the sense of the sentence indicates otherwise, they shall be deemed to refer to both male or female persons.” NYPPL applies this protocol to individuals referred to in a decision self-identifying as LGBTQA+.

February 4, 2019

Sending threatening texts messages to a co-worker

Sending threatening texts messages to a co-worker
OATH Index No. 2411/18

An employee was served with disciplinary charges pursuant to Section 7.5 of the Personnel Rules and Regulations of the Health and Hospitals Corporation alleging that he sent threatening text messages to another employee of the Corporation. The employee apologized for his actions the next day and subsequently took, and completed, five months of counseling and anger management training and received a certificate confirming that he had successfully completed the treatment program.

OATH Administrative Law Judge John B. Spooner, in consideration of the employee's sincere expressions of remorse and his substantial efforts to deal with his anger control issues, recommended that the appointing authority impose a penalty of a 60-day suspension, without credit for employee's 30-day pre-hearing suspension without pay.

Section 7.5.5 of HHC's Personnel Rules and Regulations, "Sustaining of Charges - Penalty," provides as follows:

If the charges are sustained, the penalty or punishment may consist of the following and the time which the employee is suspended without pay pending the hearing may be considered as part of the penalty:

a) A reprimand; or
b) A fine not to exceed $100.00 to be deducted from his/her salary; or
c) Suspension without pay not exceeding two months; or
d) Demotion in grade and title; or 
e) Dismissal from service.

Similarly, §75.3 of the Civil Service Law provides, in pertinent part, "that the time during which an officer or employee is suspended  without pay may be considered as part of the penalty."

However both §7.5.4 of the Personnel Rules and Regulations of the Health and Hospitals Corporation and §75.3 of the Civil Service Law, in pertinent part, state that if the employee is acquitted of the disciplinary charges, the individual shall be restored to the position with full pay for the period of the suspension without pay, less the amount of any unemployment insurance benefits or wages the individual received during that period.

The decision is posted on the Internet at:

Click here to Read a FREE excerpt from A Reasonable Disciplinary Penalty Under the Circumstances, disciplinary penalties imposed on officers and employees of New York State and its political subdivisions.

Public Personnel Law E-books

The Discipline Book - A concise guide to disciplinary actions involving public employees in New York State set out in a 700 page e-book. For more information click on

A Reasonable Disciplinary Penalty Under the Circumstances - A 442-page e-book focusing on determining an appropriate disciplinary penalty to be imposed on an employee in the public service in instances where the employee has been found guilty of misconduct or incompetence. Now available in two formats - as a large, paperback print edition and as an e-book. For more information click on

The Layoff, Preferred List and Reinstatement Manual - A 645 page e-book reviewing the relevant laws, rules and regulations, and selected court and administrative decisions. For more information click on

Disability Leave for fire, police and other public sector personnel - A 1098 page e-book focusing on disability benefits available to public officers and employees employed by New York State and its political subdivisions. For more information click on