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State of New York vs. COVID-19 - Governor Andrew M. Cuomo periodically updates New Yorkers on the state's progress during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. The latest reports of the number of new cases, the percentage of tests that were positive and many other relevant data points concerning COVID-19 are available at

N.B. §22 of the New York State's General Construction Law, in pertinent part, provides that “Whenever words of the masculine or feminine gender appear in any law, rule or regulation, unless the sense of the sentence indicates otherwise, they shall be deemed to refer to both male or female persons.” NYPPL applies this protocol to individuals referred to in a decision self-identifying as LGBTQA+.

April 8, 2011

A statutory general power of appointment implies a power to terminate the services of the appointee

A statutory general power of appointment implies a power to terminate the services of the appointee
Matter of City Council of City of Mount Vernon v Batra, 2011 NY Slip Op 02664, Appellate Division, Second Department

Ravi Batra, former counsel to the Office of the Mayor of the City of Mount Vernon, contended that he was unlawfully terminated from his position, arguing that his appointment pursuant to Section 66 of the Mount Vernon City Charter was irrevocable and not at the pleasure of the mayor.

The Appellate Division, sustaining Supreme Court’s dismissal of Barta’s petition, held that “Where, as here, the power of appointment is conferred in general terms and without restriction, the right to remove the appointee is within the discretion or at the pleasure of the appointing power.”

The decision is posted on the Internet at:

Public Personnel Law E-books

The Discipline Book - A concise guide to disciplinary actions involving public employees in New York State set out in a 700 page e-book. For more information click on

A Reasonable Disciplinary Penalty Under the Circumstances - A 442-page e-book focusing on determining an appropriate disciplinary penalty to be imposed on an employee in the public service in instances where the employee has been found guilty of misconduct or incompetence. Now available in two formats - as a large, paperback print edition and as an e-book. Click on for more information.

The Layoff, Preferred List and Reinstatement Manual - A 645 page e-book reviewing the relevant laws, rules and regulations, and selected court and administrative decisions. For more information click on

Disability Leave for fire, police and other public sector personnel - A 1098 page e-book focusing on disability benefits available to public officers and employees employed by New York State and its political subdivisions. For more information click on