Validation requirements for civil service test
Guardians v. Civil Service Commission, 23 FEP Cases 909
The Circuit Court of Appeals for the 2nd Circuit (New York) has rejected a rigid and literal application of the EEOC Guidelines on test validation.
The Court adopted a “functional” approach, holding an acceptable content validation study may consist of a suitable job analysis, reasonably competent examiners, a relationship between the test content and the job and a scoring system which can be used to select from those better able to do the job.
In addition, the Court indicated that permissible use of rank ordering requires a demonstration that the point differences used reflect differences in job performance.