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State of New York vs. COVID-19 - Governor Andrew M. Cuomo periodically updates New Yorkers on the state's progress during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. The latest reports of the number of new cases, the percentage of tests that were positive and many other relevant data points concerning COVID-19 are available at

N.B. §22 of the New York State's General Construction Law, in pertinent part, provides that “Whenever words of the masculine or feminine gender appear in any law, rule or regulation, unless the sense of the sentence indicates otherwise, they shall be deemed to refer to both male or female persons.” NYPPL applies this protocol to individuals referred to in a decision self-identifying as LGBTQA+.

June 20, 2012

A collective bargaining agreement can shorten a statute of limitations for bringing a breach of contract action set by law

A collective bargaining agreement can shorten a statute of limitations for bringing a breach of contract action set by law
Sheriff Officers Assn. Inc. v County of Nassau, 21 Misc 3d 1130(A)

Typically an action for breach of contract is governed by a six-year statute of limitations. Here, however, the COB provides that "the President [of the Association] may initiate a grievance... within one (1) calendar year after the occurrence of the event grieved, provided it does not merely affect an individual." This, said Justice McCarty, “effectively shortens the statutory period set forth in CPLR 213(2) of six years to one year with regard to class action grievances brought by the president of plaintiff union....”

Accordingly, said the court, the period for which damages may be claimed with respect to this action is from one year prior to the filing of the grievance, to the present.

The full text of the decision is posted on the Internet at:

Public Personnel Law E-books

The Discipline Book - A concise guide to disciplinary actions involving public employees in New York State set out in a 700 page e-book. For more information click on

A Reasonable Disciplinary Penalty Under the Circumstances - A 442-page e-book focusing on determining an appropriate disciplinary penalty to be imposed on an employee in the public service in instances where the employee has been found guilty of misconduct or incompetence. Now available in two formats - as a large, paperback print edition and as an e-book. Click on for more information.

The Layoff, Preferred List and Reinstatement Manual - A 645 page e-book reviewing the relevant laws, rules and regulations, and selected court and administrative decisions. For more information click on

Disability Leave for fire, police and other public sector personnel - A 1098 page e-book focusing on disability benefits available to public officers and employees employed by New York State and its political subdivisions. For more information click on