November 16, 2016

Termination of a police officer on General Municipal Law §207-c leave under color of Civil Service Law §71

Termination of a police officer on General Municipal Law §207-c leave under color of Civil Service Law §71
Stewart v. County of Albany, 300 A.D.2d 984, Motion to appeal denied, 100 N.Y.2d 505

General Municipal Law §207-c provides for the “Payment of salary, wages, medical and hospital expenses of policemen with injuries or illness incurred in the performance of duties.” In contrast, CSL §71, typically referred to as “Workers’ Compensation Leave,” provides for leave without pay in the event an employee is injured in the performance of his or her duties.*

In Olsen v Dormer, 13 Misc 3d 1236(A),** Supreme Court addressed a challenge by a police officer receiving General Municipal Law §207-c benefits to his termination from his position by his employer under color of Civil Service Law §71.

A NYPPL reader, referring to NYPPL’s summary of the Olsen decision, wrote: 

“This is certainly a well constructed position representing a ‘dissent’ with an Appellate Court decision - [Stewart v. County of Albany, 300 A.D.2d 984, 085 (3d Dept. 2002) (‘Upon our review of Civil Service Law § 71 and its legislative history, we find it clearly within the Sheriff's authority to avail himself of the termination procedures therein outlined to remove a disabled correction officer-even one receiving General Municipal Law §207-c benefits-from the County payroll’)]. While I understand the inviolability of statutory 207-c benefits, an issue arises as to benefits not addressed by the statute, most notably medical insurance. Short of termination, I am not sure by what process an employer would be able to discontinue that fringe benefit. Must the taxpayers continue to foot the bill for family medical insurance coverage ‘forever’ should the employee be unable to return to duty? In practical application my HR consulting firm has been involved in multiple terminations (under CSL §71) of employees on 207-c leave (supported by legal representation) without challenges (thus far.)"

NYPPL's response to the reader's comments concerning Stewart is set out below:

In Stewart v. County of Albany, 300 A.D.2d 984, the Appellate Division said: "Upon our review of Civil Service Law §71 and its legislative history, we find it clearly within the Sheriff's authority to avail himself of the termination procedures therein outlined to remove a disabled correction officer - even one receiving General Municipal Law §207-c benefits from the County payroll".

NYPPL respectfully disagree with the Appellate Division's views concerning the application of CSL §71 and GML §207-c as set out in Matter of Stewart.

In NYPPL's opinion, an individual receiving §207-c benefits as the result of a work-related disability [and, indeed, GML §207-a with respect to firefighters receiving similar benefits] remains an employee and is continued on the payroll of the appointing authority, albeit in a leave of absence at full pay status, and is not placed simultaneously, or independently, on leave pursuant to §71 of the Civil Service Law.

Further, in NYPPL's view, such an individual is to be continued in such status as an employee until he or she is found medically qualified to return to full duty or "light duty," is retired on disability or otherwise, dies or becomes superannuated for the purposes of §207-c. As the employee is not place on §71 leave, independently or in concert with §207-c, he or she is not subject to removal from his or her position pursuant to §71 of the Civil Service Law after the minimum statutory period permitted by law.

Footnote 2 in Stewart states:

Consistent with its statutory purpose, the Sheriff's resort to Civil Service Law §71 was presumably 'to secure a steady, reliable, and adequate work force' (Matter of Duncan v New York State Dev. Ctr., 63 NY2d 128, 135; see Matter of Allen v Howe, 84 NY2d 665, 672), i.e., he wanted to hire another correction officer to replace petitioner. However, termination of employment under Civil Service Law §71 does not necessarily involve a termination of benefits awarded pursuit to General Municipal Law §207-c, as such benefits 'are a property interest that may not be terminated without procedural due process under the Fourteenth Amendment' (Matter of Gamma v Bloom, 274 AD2d 14, 16; see Matter of Uniform Firefighters of Cohoes, Local 2562, IAFF, AFL-CIO v City of Cohoes, 94 NY2d 686, 691; Matter of Meehan v County of Tompkins, 219 AD2d 774, 775). Nor does our determination have any effect on the separate dispute between these parties concerning whether petitioner can perform light duty."

NB:Neither Duncan nor the two individuals in Allen [Cathy Allen and Diane Spiegel] were employees eligible for GML §207-c benefits.

While NYPPL agrees with the Appellate Division’s conclusion that the Sheriff "wanted to hire another correction officer to replace petitioner," this does not resolve the underlying issue: the employment status of the individual receiving the §207-c benefit and source of the funds necessary for the compensation to be paid to (1) the replacement and to (2) the individual receiving §207-c benefits upon the appointment of his or her replacement.

Indeed, the relevant language of GML §207-c provides a statutory imperative that the individual involved return to active duty once found medically qualified to do so. Once his or her disability abates sufficiently to permit this or, in the alternative, he or she is directed to return to perform a "light duty" assignment if found medically qualified to do so, the individual risks having his or her §207-c benefits discontinued by the appointing authority should he or she fail to do so.

Contrast this with §71, whereby should the employee be terminated and thereafter determined to be qualified to resume the duties of his or her former position and there is no suitable vacancy available at the time, the individual's name is to be placed on a preferred list, and his or her name is to be continued on such list for four years unless earlier appointed to a suitable vacancy.

In NYPPL's view, the only means available to the appointing authority to lawfully "terminate" an individual in a §207-c leave situation and not qualified for reinstatement to full or light duty is to file an employer application on behalf of the employee for accidental disability retirement or performance of duty disability retirement benefits pursuant to GML §207-c.2  should the employee declines to do so, which decision by the Employees' Retirement System would control as otherwise provided by law.

In contrast, an individual receiving GML §207-c benefits becomes ineligible for such benefits if he or she "ceased to be an inhabitant within the geographical restrictions" set by law as the court explained in O'Connor v Town of Clarkstown, 221 AD2d 444. No such "geographical restriction" is placed on an individual on §71 leave. 

As to the Sheriff's desire to "replace" the individual during the disabled employee’s absence on §207-c leave, he or she may do so by establishing an appropriate "supernumerary position," provided that there are funds available sufficient for this purpose.

Without engaging in an extended analysis of §207-c, suffice it to note that in support of NYPPL's view that the individual remains an employee and is to be continued on the payroll -- i.e., he or she is not terminated and is not paid by means other than via salary or wages, Subdivision 6 of §207-c provides, in pertinent part, as follows:

6. Notwithstanding any provision of law contrary thereto contained herein or elsewhere, a cause of action shall accrue to the municipality for reimbursement in such sum or sums actually paid as salary or wages and, or, for medical treatment and hospital care as against any third party against whom the policeman shall have a cause of action for the injury sustained or sickness caused by such third party [emphasis supplied].

Accordingly, absent the individual continuing in an "employee status" and continuing to receive his or her "salary or wages" it could be argued that the appointing authority could not maintain a cause of action to recover such payments.

* An employee on §71 leave may elect to remain on the payroll by using his or her accrued leave credits and other accruals and benefits at “full or half-pay” until they are exhausted.

** NYPPL’s summary of Olsen v Dormer, 13 Misc 3d 1236(A), posted on the Internet at


The Disability Benefits E-book – 2016 Edition: This 814 page electronic book [e-book] focuses on disability benefits available to officers and employees in public service pursuant to Civil Service Law §§71, 72 and 73, General Municipal Law §207-a and §207-c, the Retirement and Social Security Law, the Workers’ Compensation Law, and similar provisions of law. For more information concerning this e-book click on:


Subsequent court and administrative rulings, or changes to laws, rules and regulations may have modified or clarified or vacated or reversed the decisions summarized here. Accordingly, these summaries should be Shepardized® or otherwise checked to make certain that the most recent information is being considered by the reader.
New York Public Personnel Law Blog Editor Harvey Randall served as Principal Attorney, New York State Department of Civil Service; Director of Personnel, SUNY Central Administration; Director of Research, Governor’s Office of Employee Relations; and Staff Judge Advocate General, New York Guard. Consistent with the Declaration of Principles jointly adopted by a Committee of the American Bar Association and a Committee of Publishers and Associations, the material posted to this blog is presented with the understanding that neither the publisher nor NYPPL and, or, its staff and contributors are providing legal advice to the reader and in the event legal or other expert assistance is needed, the reader is urged to seek such advice from a knowledgeable professional.
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