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N.B. §22 of the New York State's General Construction Law, in pertinent part, provides that “Whenever words of the masculine or feminine gender appear in any law, rule or regulation, unless the sense of the sentence indicates otherwise, they shall be deemed to refer to both male or female persons.” NYPPL applies this protocol to individuals referred to in a decision self-identifying as LGBTQA+.

November 17, 2016

The standards used by the courts in reviewing arbitration awards


The standards used by the courts in reviewing arbitration awards
Noel v Bianco, 2016 NY Slip Op 07398, Appellate Division, First Department

Supreme Court denied the petition filed by Lesly Noel seeking a court order vacating an arbitration award terminating his employment with the New York City Transit Authority for misconduct. The Appellate Division unanimously affirmed the lower court’s ruling.

The decision indicates that the arbitration award was promulgated pursuant to a “voluntarily-entered collective bargaining agreement” and thus was not subject to a heightened level of judicial scrutiny. Citing New York City Tr. Auth. v Transport Workers' Union of Am., Local 100, AFL-CIO, 6 NY3d 332, the Appellate Division said that in such situations “courts are not permitted to review an arbitrator's findings of fact, including credibility determinations.”

In contrast, where the parties are forced to engage in compulsory arbitration, as was the situation in Hamilton v Alley, 137 AD3d 1564,the court ruled that judicial review under CPLR Article 75 requires that the "award be in accord with due process and supported by adequate evidence in the record."

In Bernstein [Norwich City School Dist. Bd. Of Education], 282 AD2d 70, which involved a challenge to an Education Law §3020-a disciplinary proceeding, the Appellate Division concluded that the applicable standard for review of the arbitration award in Bernstein's case was whether there was substantial evidence in the record to establish the employee's guilt with respect to the disciplinary charges levied against him.

The Bernstein court also pointed to CPLR Section 7803 as authority to adopt a "substantial evidence" standard in appeals from a §3020-a determination. In the words of the court: “[W]e must determine "whether there is a rational basis in [the whole record] for the findings of fact supporting the [Hearing Panel's recommendation]."

The Noel decision is posted on the Internet at:

Public Personnel Law E-books

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A Reasonable Disciplinary Penalty Under the Circumstances - A 442-page e-book focusing on determining an appropriate disciplinary penalty to be imposed on an employee in the public service in instances where the employee has been found guilty of misconduct or incompetence. Now available in two formats - as a large, paperback print edition and as an e-book. Click on http://booklocker.com/books/7401.html for more information.

The Layoff, Preferred List and Reinstatement Manual - A 645 page e-book reviewing the relevant laws, rules and regulations, and selected court and administrative decisions. For more information click on http://booklocker.com/books/5216.html

Disability Leave for fire, police and other public sector personnel - A 1098 page e-book focusing on disability benefits available to public officers and employees employed by New York State and its political subdivisions. For more information click on http://booklocker.com/books/3916.html