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State of New York vs. COVID-19 - Governor Andrew M. Cuomo periodically updates New Yorkers on the state's progress during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. The latest reports of the number of new cases, the percentage of tests that were positive and many other relevant data points concerning COVID-19 are available at

N.B. §22 of the New York State's General Construction Law, in pertinent part, provides that “Whenever words of the masculine or feminine gender appear in any law, rule or regulation, unless the sense of the sentence indicates otherwise, they shall be deemed to refer to both male or female persons.” NYPPL applies this protocol to individuals referred to in a decision self-identifying as LGBTQA+.

January 13, 2011

Decisions by the Public Employment Relations Board

Decisions by the Public Employment Relations Board
Summaries of rulings

Managerial positions: Incumbents of positions of Campus-wide Academic Deans at a community college are excluded from the faculty negotiating unit in view of their campus-wide responsibility for supervision and formulating policy notwithstanding the fact that other dean positions such as Dean of Students, Dean of Student Development and Dean of Retention Services are currently in the negotiating unit. [Matter of Administrators Association of Erie Community College, 33 PERB 3023]

Change in terms and conditions of employment: The fact that earlier executive orders did not specifically direct employees to report incidents involving criminal activity such as fraud and corruption under threat of disciplinary action for non-compliance now set out in newly promulgated executive orders does not constitute evidence of a change in the terms and conditions of employment subject to mandatory collective bargaining. [Public Employees Federation v State of New York, 33 PERB 3024]

Payroll deductions: Although a letter ruling by the Internal Revenue Service advised the employer that it had the discretion to withhold income tax from the wages of individuals on workers’ compensation leave or receiving benefit pursuant to Section 207-c of the General Municipal Law bi-weekly and reimburse the employee for such deductions annually or elect not to make such deductions, it was an improper practice for the employer to change its procedure from not making such deductions to making bi-weekly deductions without first negotiating the change with the employee organization even where the claim for such benefits was controverted by the employer since the exercise of discretion is generally subject to a duty to bargain. [Matter of Westchester County Correction Officers Benevolent Association, 33 PERB 3025]

Statute of limitation: The statute of limitations begins to run on the date of the injury, here the date when the union first learned of the change in the disciplinary procedure rather than the date on which discipline against an individual was implemented. [Matter of Local 100 TWU, 33 PERB 3026]

Public Personnel Law E-books

The Discipline Book - A concise guide to disciplinary actions involving public employees in New York State set out in a 700 page e-book. For more information click on

A Reasonable Disciplinary Penalty Under the Circumstances - A 442-page e-book focusing on determining an appropriate disciplinary penalty to be imposed on an employee in the public service in instances where the employee has been found guilty of misconduct or incompetence. Now available in two formats - as a large, paperback print edition and as an e-book. For more information click on

The Layoff, Preferred List and Reinstatement Manual - A 645 page e-book reviewing the relevant laws, rules and regulations, and selected court and administrative decisions. For more information click on

Disability Leave for fire, police and other public sector personnel - A 1098 page e-book focusing on disability benefits available to public officers and employees employed by New York State and its political subdivisions. For more information click on