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State of New York vs. COVID-19 - Governor Andrew M. Cuomo periodically updates New Yorkers on the state's progress during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. The latest reports of the number of new cases, the percentage of tests that were positive and many other relevant data points concerning COVID-19 are available at

N.B. §22 of the New York State's General Construction Law, in pertinent part, provides that “Whenever words of the masculine or feminine gender appear in any law, rule or regulation, unless the sense of the sentence indicates otherwise, they shall be deemed to refer to both male or female persons.” NYPPL applies this protocol to individuals referred to in a decision self-identifying as LGBTQA+.

January 3, 2011

State government policy makers not covered by Age Discrimination in Employment Act [ADEA]

State government policy makers not covered by Age Discrimination in Employment Act [ADEA]
Source: Findlaw.Com Weekly Labor & Employment Law Newsletter, December 27-31, 2010

Opp v. Office of the State's Attorney of Cook County, No. 09-3714 - United States Seventh Circuit, 12/29/2010

”In former assistant state's attorneys' suit against the county state's attorney, claiming unlawful employment termination in violation of the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA), district court's grant of defendants' motions to dismiss in ruling that the plaintiffs were excluded from the ADEA's coverage because they held policymaking positions as a matter of law, is affirmed where:

1) district court's determination as a matter of law of the policymaking status of the plaintiffs' positions was proper because the plaintiffs' positions as assistant state's attorneys gave them inherent policymaking authority, and the plaintiffs' roles as assistant state attorneys were clearly defined by statute; and

2) plaintiffs' argument that they were not appointed by the state's attorney and thus cannot be considered "appointees" on the policymaking level is without merit."

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Public Personnel Law E-books

The Discipline Book - A concise guide to disciplinary actions involving public employees in New York State set out in a 700 page e-book. For more information click on

A Reasonable Disciplinary Penalty Under the Circumstances - A 442-page e-book focusing on determining an appropriate disciplinary penalty to be imposed on an employee in the public service in instances where the employee has been found guilty of misconduct or incompetence. Now available in two formats - as a large, paperback print edition and as an e-book. For more information click on

The Layoff, Preferred List and Reinstatement Manual - A 645 page e-book reviewing the relevant laws, rules and regulations, and selected court and administrative decisions. For more information click on

Disability Leave for fire, police and other public sector personnel - A 1098 page e-book focusing on disability benefits available to public officers and employees employed by New York State and its political subdivisions. For more information click on