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State of New York vs. COVID-19 - Governor Andrew M. Cuomo periodically updates New Yorkers on the state's progress during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. The latest reports of the number of new cases, the percentage of tests that were positive and many other relevant data points concerning COVID-19 are available at forward.ny.gov.

N.B. §22 of the New York State's General Construction Law, in pertinent part, provides that “Whenever words of the masculine or feminine gender appear in any law, rule or regulation, unless the sense of the sentence indicates otherwise, they shall be deemed to refer to both male or female persons.” NYPPL applies this protocol to individuals referred to in a decision self-identifying as LGBTQA+.

January 26, 2011

Petitioner has the burden of proving that his or her probationary termination was made in bad faith

Petitioner has the burden of proving that his or her probationary termination was made in bad faith
Negron v Jackson, 273 AD2d 241

The New York State Department of Motor Vehicles terminated Pedro Negron during his probationary period. Negro objected but his appeal was rejected by the Appellate Division, Second Department.

The court pointed out that A probationary employee may be terminated without a hearing and without a statement of reasons in the absence of a showing that the termination was for a constitutionally impermissible purpose, made in bad faith, or in violation of statutory or decisional law, citing Iannuzzi v Town of Brookhaven, 258 AD2d 651.

Further, the discharged employee has the burden of demonstrating bad faith by competent evidence, not speculation. This, apparently, was the defect in Negron’s appeal. The court said that his petition failed to allege facts that supported his conclusory claim of discrimination or to otherwise demonstrate bad faith. Ruling that this constituted a fatal defect, the court said that his petition was properly dismissed by the lower court.


Public Personnel Law E-books

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Disability Leave for fire, police and other public sector personnel - A 1098 page e-book focusing on disability benefits available to public officers and employees employed by New York State and its political subdivisions. For more information click on http://booklocker.com/books/3916.html