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State of New York vs. COVID-19 - Governor Andrew M. Cuomo periodically updates New Yorkers on the state's progress during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. The latest reports of the number of new cases, the percentage of tests that were positive and many other relevant data points concerning COVID-19 are available at

N.B. §22 of the New York State's General Construction Law, in pertinent part, provides that “Whenever words of the masculine or feminine gender appear in any law, rule or regulation, unless the sense of the sentence indicates otherwise, they shall be deemed to refer to both male or female persons.” NYPPL applies this protocol to individuals referred to in a decision self-identifying as LGBTQA+.

January 14, 2011

Discharge of older worker, but not younger worker with whom he fought, upheld; discharge due to history of altercations, not age bias

Discharge of older worker, but not younger worker with whom he fought, upheld; discharge due to history of altercations, not age bias
Source: Adjunct Law Prof Blog;
Reproduced with permission. Copyright © 2011, Mitchell H. Rubinstein, Esq., Adjunct Professor of Law, St. Johns Law School and New York Law School, All rights reserved.

The 7th Circuit recently held that the lower court properly granted judgment as a matter of law on the age discrimination claim of a plant employee who was fired after several heated disputes with his coworkers.Runyon v Applied Extrusion Techs, Inc, ____F.3d____(7th Cir. August 30, 2010).

Although a younger coworker who was involved in an altercation with the employee was not fired, the Seventh agreed with the district court that there was no evidence the employer’s action was motivated by age.

Mitchell H. Rubinstein

Public Personnel Law E-books

The Discipline Book - A concise guide to disciplinary actions involving public employees in New York State set out in a 700 page e-book. For more information click on

A Reasonable Disciplinary Penalty Under the Circumstances - A 442-page e-book focusing on determining an appropriate disciplinary penalty to be imposed on an employee in the public service in instances where the employee has been found guilty of misconduct or incompetence. Now available in two formats - as a large, paperback print edition and as an e-book. For more information click on

The Layoff, Preferred List and Reinstatement Manual - A 645 page e-book reviewing the relevant laws, rules and regulations, and selected court and administrative decisions. For more information click on

Disability Leave for fire, police and other public sector personnel - A 1098 page e-book focusing on disability benefits available to public officers and employees employed by New York State and its political subdivisions. For more information click on